Assessing the Importance of Varying Levels of Care in Treatment
There are varying levels of treatment care for addiction, with some more intensive in the acute nature of the approach. For more severe physical addiction, with the life of the patient in some trauma, hospitalization may be necessary to supervise a detoxification procedure. Once detoxification has been achieved, the patient is usually introduced to a peer-supported, out-patient program for therapy and behavioral assessment. Rehabilitation programs fall into this category, as they are less intense in the level of care. Lower on the scale of intensity would be an outpatient program, whereby a patient can effectively manage a customized rehab program that allows them more independence.
When a patient comes into a health center with severe chemical addiction and substance abuse issues, a period of hospital stay is necessary to alleviate the risk of traumatic escalation. Detoxification is an acute jolt to the patient’s physiology, and the risk of coma or toxic shock is avoided with close monitoring and a potential weaning of the addict from the chemicals in their tissues. This level of care is the most severe and may not be necessary for all. The next level of care would be a supervised, accredited rehabilitation facility where the healing process can begin. Patients are typically provided a version of the Minnesota Model or 12-Step program, which allows for a holistic, organic assessment of the patient’s needs. This model of therapy and treatment is favored by therapists and counselors because not any one case is the same, and varying levels of care are necessary for the treatment of addiction.
If a patient with a more acute condition requires a supervised, monitored treatment, residential centers and halfway houses are available to allow a more-prolonged, gradual progression through the levels of rehabilitation. With each person experiencing addiction and its disabling condition differently, it has become necessary to offer varying levels of care for a more effective recovery and rehabilitation.